GST on Gold: Effect of GST On Gold Jewellery in 2024

GST On Gold: In India, the GST on gold jewellery is 3%. Find out how GST influences gold market in India. Learn about effect of GST on Gold rates, exemptions, how to calculate GST on gold and more.

15 May,2024 09:14 IST 2752
GST on Gold: Effect of GST On Gold Jewellery in 2024

Gold is more than a cultural symbol in India; it is also a valuable asset that can be used as collateral. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) brought a major change in the taxation system for various sectors. In this article, we will explore how GST affects gold loans, and what it means for borrowers, lenders, and the gold market.

Gold is not just a shiny stone. It is India's cultural heritage; we Indians love gold so much that our country is nicknamed “sone ki chidiya,” a golden bird. Apart from being a popular choice of ornament material, it is also a favored investment avenue that underwent a significant tax transformation with the advent of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in 2017. This change in taxation has not only reshaped the cost structure of gold, but also gold tax rate. Still, it has also reverberated across its demand and supply dynamics within the country.

What Is GST On Gold?

GST is an indirect tax that replaced multiple taxes levied on different sectors. However, some financial services, such as loans, were excluded from GST. This applies to gold loans as well. The interest paid on gold loans is not subject to GST, as it is considered a compensation for the money lent and is therefore exempt.

However, there is a difference between the interest paid on gold loans and the processing fees charged by the lender. While interest is exempt from GST, processing fees are not. These fees are seen as a service provided by the lender and are therefore taxable under GST.

Table Of GST Rates On Gold

Item GST Rate
Gold Bars 3%
Gold Jewellery 3%
Gold Coins 3%
Making Charges 3%

Gold was subject to a fixed 3% GST, plus an additional 8% tax on charges. In response to objections voiced by various parties, the tax on the making charge was subsequently decreased to 5%.

How is gold GST rate is calculated?

If you tried buying gold before 2017, you must know how difficult it is to calculate gold tax in India, as you also had indirect taxes, like excise duty, VAT, and customs duty. But GST saves us from this number crunching and gives us a simple add-on of 3%. So you play the price of gold plus 3% GST. That's it for solid coins or bars of gold. But only some buy gold to keep in vaults. You may want to make jewelry out of it, this is how you will calculate GST on gold ornaments, the gold's value plus the making charges, while the making charges themselves are subject to a 5% GST rate, separately appended to the bill.

Stating how it is calculated is one thing, but knowing how to calculate it is another. So to make it easier to comprehend, let's run the numbers. Let’s say purchasing 10 grams of gold at Rs. 50,000 per 10 grams and making charges of Rs. 1,000 per 10 grams results in a total gold value of Rs. 51,000. The GST on gold, calculated at 3% of Rs. 51,000, amounts to Rs. 1,530. Simultaneously, the 5% GST on making charges, totaling Rs. 1,000, comes to Rs. 50. Consequently, the cumulative GST sums up to Rs. 1,580, leading to a final price of Rs. 52,580.

How To Calculate GST On Gold Jewellery

To calculate GST on gold, you need to know the GST rates that apply to different aspects of gold. For example, if you buy gold jewellery worth Rs. 50,000, you have to pay 3% GST on the value of the jewellery, which is Rs. 1,500. This does not include the making charges, which are taxed separately.

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GST Rates For Gold Ornaments

Gold ornaments are a valuable asset for many people. The introduction of GST simplified the taxation of these ornaments. Before GST, there were various state-level taxes that caused price differences across regions. Now, there is a uniform GST rate of 3% on gold, which makes buying ornaments easier.

Gold Price After GST

GST also affected the gold price in the country. Before GST, the gold price was subject to different taxes, which caused price variations. With GST on gold, there is a single tax rate, which makes the gold price more consistent. However, the international gold price still affects the domestic gold price.

GST Exemptions For Gold

Indian gold exports received a boost in 2018 with a GST exemption. The 31st GST Council meeting eliminated GST on gold supplied by a notified agency to registered exporters of gold jewellery. This exemption directly targets the burden of GST on exporters, making their products more competitive in the international market.

It's important to note that this exemption applies specifically to business-to-business transactions. Domestic consumers purchasing gold jewellery within India are not impacted by this exemption and will still pay the standard 3% GST on the gold and 5% GST on making charges.

GST Impact On Gold

GST had both positive and negative effects on gold. On the positive side, it simplified the tax system and removed the complexities of the previous system. On the negative side, it raised concerns in the gold industry. Many jewellers and industry players worried that the 3% GST rate would reduce consumer demand. It is important to note that only 30% of this industry is organized.

Demand and supply dynamics within the country

In India, the demand for gold is driven by a unique mix of cultural and economic factors. Traditionally, gold is seen as auspicious, a symbol of wealth, and a secure investment. This fuels high demand, especially during festivals and weddings.

However, India mines very little gold itself, relying heavily on imports to meet this demand. This dependence on external sources makes gold prices susceptible to global fluctuations and government regulations on import duties.

The interplay between high, culturally driven demand and supply largely influenced by external factors significantly impacts the price of gold in the Indian market.

E-Way Bill Rules For Gold and Its Form

The e-way bill system under GST also affected the transport of gold and other precious metals. An e-way bill is a document that the person in charge of the conveyance carrying any consignment of goods must have. There are specific rules for the movement of gold and other precious metals. The e-way bill has to be generated when the value of the goods transported is more than Rs. 50,000. It's a digital waybill that allows the smooth movement of goods across state borders.

In conclusion, GST's effect on gold loans and the gold market reflects the wider changes that GST brought to the Indian economy. The interest exemption from GST gives relief to borrowers who need financial help against their gold assets. However, the GST on processing fees highlights the importance of knowing the complete cost structure of a gold loan. The uniform GST rate on gold purchases has simplified pricing and removed regional differences. As the financial landscape keeps changing, being aware of GST rules helps borrowers, lenders, and industry players make informed decisions in the world of gold loans.

What is GST Rate on Import of Gold?

Given India's substantial reliance on gold imports due to low domestic production, the import of gold incurs a customs duty of 10%, computed on the gold's value along with the basic customs duty. Additionally, the GST on gold imports is fixed at 3%, factoring in the basic customs duty and the integrated GST (comprising central GST and state GST), typically standing at 18% across most states.

GST Rate on Purchase of Physical Gold

The acquisition of physical gold, encompassing bars, coins, biscuits, or jewelry, attracts a 3% GST, applied to the gold value and any associated making charges. The making charges, differing based on the intricacy of craftsmanship, incur a separate 5% GST, payable by the buyer.

GST on Digital Gold Purchase

When you are buying gold to invest, it can be a task to buy and sell physical gold. Plus, having something so valuable on you comes with a risk of getting lost or stolen. Hence, we have something called digital gold. Digital gold is a form of gold investment that allows the buyer to purchase gold online and store it in a secure vault. The buyer can sell or redeem the gold anytime without having to worry about the storage, security, or purity of the gold. The GST on digital gold purchases is 3%, which is applied to the value of gold. The GST is collected by the seller and paid to the government. The buyer does not have to pay any additional GST on the sale or redemption of the digital gold. So you pay no extra cost on your investment.

Strategies to Minimize GST Impact:

Minimizing the GST impact on gold in India requires strategic planning.

  • Consider purchase timing: Opt for times outside peak demand seasons like weddings and festivals, when gold prices might be slightly lower due to potentially lower overall demand.
     
  • Compare making charges: The 5% GST on making charges can vary between jewellers. Research and compare charges to potentially reduce the overall GST impact on gold jewellery.
     
  • Explore alternatives: Consider digital gold or government-minted gold coins, which often attract lower GST rates compared to traditional jewellery.
     

Opt for transparent billing: Ensure the jeweller provides a clear breakdown of the gold price (before GST), making charges (before GST), and the final GST amount. This transparency allows for informed decision-making.

Input Tax Credit Availability for GST on Gold Business

India's GST system offers relief for gold businesses through Input Tax Credit (ITC). Jewellers can claim ITC on GST paid for:

  • Raw Gold: This helps reduce the overall GST burden on the final product.
  • Job Work Charges: Expenses associated with processing gold for jewellery making are also eligible for ITC.

Importantly, even if a jeweller pays GST on supplies from an unregistered job worker (through a mechanism called a reverse charge), they can still claim ITC for the tax paid.

By effectively claiming ITC, jewellers can reduce their overall GST liability. This can potentially lead to lower consumer prices, making gold jewellery more competitive in the market.

The Two Sides of the Coin: How GST Affects India's Gold Market

The arrival of GST in India has had a significant impact on the gold industry, bringing both challenges and opportunities.

Price Rise and Lower Demand: One major consequence is the rise in gold prices. GST replaced earlier taxes with a higher 3% levy, making gold more expensive. This, combined with a 5% GST on making charges for jewellery, has dampened consumer demand for gold and impacted its liquidity as an investment.

Transparency Gain: However, GST also introduced a positive change. By mandating documentation for all gold transactions, it has brought much-needed accountability and transparency to a sector where only 30% falls under organized structures.

External Influences: It's important to recognize that factors beyond GST have also contributed to the price surge. Fluctuations in exchange rates, decreased domestic gold mining, and rising international gold prices all play a role.

A Glimpse of Hope for Exporters: For exporters, there's a potential benefit. Free Trade Agreements, like the one with South Korea, allow GST-registered importers to bring in gold without the additional 10% customs duty. This could make Indian gold exports more competitive in the global market.

Conclusion

Undoubtedly, GST represents a fundamental shift in India's tax landscape, streamlining the indirect taxation system. However, this reform has yet to be without consequences. The 3% GST on gold, applied to both the gold's value and making charges, has augmented the overall cost of this precious metal. Yet, avenues exist for savvy buyers to mitigate this impact. Through informed choices and alternative investment routes, individuals can navigate the GST landscape while continuing to invest in the enduring allure of gold.

FAQs

1- How much is the GST charged on gold in India?

Ans- In India, there is a 3% GST on gold. Additionally, jewellers add a GST making charge of 5% to the price.

2- Can we claim GST on jewellery?

Ans- A person who imports gold for the purpose of selling gold jewellery may be required to pay 3% IGST. He may claim the GST on the imported gold. However, those who do not work in the gold industry are not eligible for a tax credit.

3- What are the new rules for gold purchase?

Ans- As per the new rules on gold purchase with respect to GST, 3% GST will be charges and jewellers will add another 5%of the price as making charges. An e-way bill will also be created for transportation of the gold.

4- What is the GST on 24 carat and 22 carat gold?

Ans- Irrespective of the carat of gold, a 3% GST will be applicable on all gold.

5- Is there any way to save GST on gold? How much tax is charged on digital gold?

Ans- No, GST will be applied if you sell your old gold jewellery and buy new gold jewellery in a single transaction. This means that people can reduce their GST tax by simply swapping their old gold for new gold.

6- How much tax is charged on digital gold?

Ans- Similar to buying physical gold, there is a 3% GST on all insurance premiums, storage costs, and trustee fees for digital gold.

7- What are the effects of GST on gold?

GST has increased the cost of gold as it subsumes various taxes that were levied on gold before, such as excise duty, VAT, and customs duty. GST also applies to the charges for making gold jewellery, which vary from one jeweller to another. GST has affected the demand and supply of gold, as some consumers may postpone or reduce their purchases due to higher prices. GST has also impacted gold importers, exporters, and traders, as they have to comply with the GST rules and regulations.

8- What is the GST price on hallmark gold jewellery?

Hallmark gold jewellery is gold jewellery that bears the mark of purity and quality certified by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). The GST price on hallmark gold jewellery is the same as the GST price on any other gold jewellery, which is 3% on the value of gold plus 5% on the making charges. The GST is payable by the buyer, not by the jeweller.

9- Does the purity of gold cause any impact on the applicable GST rate?

No, the purity of gold does not affect the GST rate on gold. The GST rate on gold is 3%, irrespective of the purity or carat of gold. The GST rate on gold is also the same for different forms of gold, such as bars, coins, biscuits, or jewellery.

10- Do I have to pay the same GST for the same gold ornaments weight across India?

Yes, you have to pay the same GST for the same gold ornaments weight across India, as GST is a uniform tax that applies to the whole country. However, the final price of gold ornaments may vary from one state to another, depending on the local taxes, transportation costs, and market conditions.

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