GST On Gold Loan Interest in India

The interest rate on the gold loan depends upon the type of loan scheme availed and its tenure. Read to know more about gst on gold loan interest!

24 Jun,2024 17:44 IST 570
Understanding GST On Gold Loan Interest

Gold is usually an idle asset in Indian households and is seldom used for generating money. However, with gold being a safe-haven asset and its prices mostly rising during turbulent times, it can be used to fund short-term capital requirements.

A gold loan is the perfect solution to raise funds to meet short-term capital requirements. A loan against gold is a secured loan taken by pledging gold ornaments of 18-24 carats as collateral. The loan amount provided is a certain percentage of the gold, typically up to 75-80%, based on the current market value and the quality.

Like personal loans, lenders attach no end-use restrictions on gold loans, which means the loan can be used for just about any legitimate purpose. Also, interest rates on gold loans are lower compared with personal loans as gold is being submitted as collateral.

Interest Rates

Most banks and NBFCs offer gold loans but the rate of interest varies based on the credit profile of the applicant, value and purity of gold, and its prevailing prices. Also, a farmer keen on a gold loan for funding agriculture infrastructure or to meet other farming-related activities may get a rebate on the interest rate.

Numerous factors can affect gold loan interest rates in India. Some of them are influenced by personal factors relating to the borrower, while others are external relating to the current economic conditions and the domestic gold prices.

The gold loan interest rate, availed by pledging gold, are relatively lower than other types of loans and range between 7.35% and 29% per annum currently and the repayment tenure ranges between seven days and 240 months.

Lenders follow two types of benchmarking methods to determine the loan against gold interest rate: Repo rate-linked lending rate and marginal cost of funds based, or MCLR-linked lending rate. The interest rate on a gold loan varies from one lender to another, depending on the chosen benchmarking method. Generally, MCLR-linked lending rates result in a gold loan at lower interest rate.

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Goods and Services Tax

There is some confusion among people that a borrower needs to pay a GST on the interest component of the equated monthly instalment (EMI). To put things straight, no GST is levied on interest payments of the gold loan as there is no GST if the transaction fits the meaning of a loan or deposit.

The GST, however, is levied on all other charges such as processing fee, documentation charges, valuation fee, service charges and foreclosure charges, among others.

Also, if any penal interest is charged on the borrower due to a delay or a default in payment of instalments or delay in payment of original interest, a GST is charged at the rate of 18% of such amount.

Moreover, a borrower must take a loan against gold from a licensed lender. If the lender is not licensed, its loan products will not be deemed under the definition of “loans” and may attract GST, even on interest payments.

Conclusion

The interest rate on the gold loan depends upon the type of loan scheme availed and its tenure. Understanding the nitty-gritty of a gold loan and its various aspects is crucial because it directly affects the EMI.

A gold loan is a secured loan which customers can avail from banks as well as non-banking finance companies such as IIFL Finance in lieu of gold ornaments. IIFL Finance has a transparent fee structure and no hidden charges, so a borrower need not worry about the hidden costs incurred after apply for gold loan.

FAQs

Q1. Why is GST 3% on gold?

Ans. Since the main purpose of buying jewellery is the gold itself, the tax authorities in India treat the making charges as a secondary service. This is why the overall GST rate for gold jewellery is a lower 3%, instead of the 5% that might apply to some purely service-based transactions.

Q2. Can I buy gold without GST?

Ans. While avoiding GST entirely isn't possible because it's a mandatory tax, you might find better deals! Consider buying from authorised dealers under the GST composition scheme. These dealers typically offer a lower overall tax rate compared to the standard GST rate on gold.

Q3. Can I get GST refund on gold?

Ans. While GST is typically applied when buying gold jewellery in India, there are situations where you can claim a refund. This applies if the jewellery is:

  • Exported: If you're a tourist buying gold jewellery to take home, you may be eligible for a GST refund.
  • Purchased for export or manufacturing: Businesses buying gold jewellery specifically for export or to use in manufacturing processes can also claim GST refunds.
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Disclaimer: The information contained in this post is for general information purposes only. IIFL Finance Limited (including its associates and affiliates) ("the Company") assumes no liability or responsibility for any errors or omissions in the contents of this post and under no circumstances shall the Company be liable for any damage, loss, injury or disappointment etc. suffered by any reader. All information in this post is provided "as is", with no guarantee of completeness, accuracy, timeliness or of the results etc. obtained from the use of this information, and without warranty of any kind, express or implied, including, but not limited to warranties of performance, merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Given the changing nature of laws, rules and regulations, there may be delays, omissions or inaccuracies in the information contained in this post. The information on this post is provided with the understanding that the Company is not herein engaged in rendering legal, accounting, tax, or other professional advice and services. As such, it should not be used as a substitute for consultation with professional accounting, tax, legal or other competent advisers. This post may contain views and opinions which are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of any other agency or organization. This post may also contain links to external websites that are not provided or maintained by or in any way affiliated with the Company and the Company does not guarantee the accuracy, relevance, timeliness, or completeness of any information on these external websites. Any/ all (Gold/ Personal/ Business) loan product specifications and information that maybe stated in this post are subject to change from time to time, readers are advised to reach out to the Company for current specifications of the said (Gold/ Personal/ Business) loan.

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