Emergency fund 101: How to start and why it’s crucial for your finances?

Emergency fund is money stashed away to be used for unforeseen costs and expenses thus easing the financial stress arising during difficult times.

17 Oct,2023 07:15 IST 669
Emergency fund 101: How to start and why it’s crucial for your finances?

If you are invested in stock market, it is essential that you back your investment with an emergency fund. The volatility of the market can give you huge profits on one hand and on the other may not leave you with enough funds to meet your unexpected emergencies. Emergency fund helps us tackle such unexpected scenarios without having to avail a emergency loan.

What is an emergency fund?

Emergency fund is money stashed away to be used for unforeseen costs and expenses thus easing the financial stress arising during difficult times. Its main purpose is to create a safety blanket and reduce the need to avail high interest debt options. Assets used to maintain emergency funds should be cash or any other highly liquid asset.

Why is it important to maintain an emergency fund?

One should maintain an emergency fund for financial crisis like a job loss, medical emergency, mortgage payment, etc. An emergency fund also discourages the person to avail loans or other debt facility with high interest rates. It should be noted that the emergency fund should be spent only there is a disruption in inflow of income.

How much money should one save in an emergency fund?

Depending on the stability of the income and the number of source of income, one may decide upon the amount of money to be saved as emergency fund. As a thumb rule, one should save at least three to six months of salary. In case you are anticipating a short term large expense or if you rely on only one source of income, then emergency fund may be increased.

Zaroorat aapki. Personal Loan Humara
Apply Now

How to build an emergency fund?

Firstly, determine the amount that you think should suffice to cater any emergency needs. You start by categorizing your regular expenses as necessary (house rent, insurance premiums, EMIs, bill payments etc.) and unnecessary (movies, vacations, dining out, buying expenses gifts etc.) In case you know of any short term large expense to be spent in the near future like purchasing a new car, you can take the same into account while creating an emergency fund. Then instead of withdrawing a large lump sum to meet the expense, it is advisable to set aside some money every month towards the emergency fund. If planned wisely, saving a small percentage of your after-tax income every month can create a surplus emergency fund.

Where to invest the emergency fund?

Since emergency funds are required in times of urgent need, it is advisable to invest in liquid avenues like fixed deposits with higher interests, liquid funds or recurring deposits. Some other ways to store money for emergency fund are high interest earning saving accounts, money market accounts and no-penalty certificates of deposit.

How to maintain the emergency fund?

You could follow certain ways mentioned below to increase or maintain a good emergency fund.

  • Add all the financial bonuses received or tax refunds to the fund whenever possible.
  • If there is an increase in the expenses then you should revise your savings goals and recalculate the emergency fund amount and save accordingly.
  • You should dip into the emergency fund only when genuinely needed.

Conclusion

Emergency fund help tackle little disasters in a more managed manner. Emergency fund is money kept aside to cover unforeseen and unexpected expenses. They can help in avoiding a high interest rate loan. You must take care not to utilise the emergency fund in unnecessary expenses. You should also maintain and regularly invest in the emergency fund. This you can do by saving the tax refunds and bonuses and keeping them aside as emergency funds. The instrument used for emergency fund should be highly liquid and has no charge for withdrawing money before its maturity period. Whether you need a personal loan, home loan, loan against property, or a business loan, IIFL Finance has you covered. With competitive personal loan  interest rates, flexible repayment options, and a seamless online application process, applying for a loan has never been easier.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How much money should I have as emergency fund?

The amount varies according to your living expenses, but the general rule of thumb is to eventually save three to six months of living expenses.

2. How can I create an emergency fund if I am a salaried employee?

You can set aside a small percentage of your after-tax income as an emergency fund.

3. What is an emergency fund used for?

An emergency is an unexpected bill that you can’t pay—not money to go to a movie or for some other nonessential expense.

 

Zaroorat aapki. Personal Loan Humara
Apply Now

Disclaimer: The information contained in this post is for general information purposes only. IIFL Finance Limited (including its associates and affiliates) ("the Company") assumes no liability or responsibility for any errors or omissions in the contents of this post and under no circumstances shall the Company be liable for any damage, loss, injury or disappointment etc. suffered by any reader. All information in this post is provided "as is", with no guarantee of completeness, accuracy, timeliness or of the results etc. obtained from the use of this information, and without warranty of any kind, express or implied, including, but not limited to warranties of performance, merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Given the changing nature of laws, rules and regulations, there may be delays, omissions or inaccuracies in the information contained in this post. The information on this post is provided with the understanding that the Company is not herein engaged in rendering legal, accounting, tax, or other professional advice and services. As such, it should not be used as a substitute for consultation with professional accounting, tax, legal or other competent advisers. This post may contain views and opinions which are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of any other agency or organization. This post may also contain links to external websites that are not provided or maintained by or in any way affiliated with the Company and the Company does not guarantee the accuracy, relevance, timeliness, or completeness of any information on these external websites. Any/ all (Gold/ Personal/ Business) loan product specifications and information that maybe stated in this post are subject to change from time to time, readers are advised to reach out to the Company for current specifications of the said (Gold/ Personal/ Business) loan.

Most Read

Check the Difference Between 24k and 22k Gold
9 Jan,2024 09:26 IST
65064 Views
Like 8190 8190 Likes
Franking and Stamping: What’s the difference?
14 Aug,2017 03:45 IST
47610 Views
Like 9548 9548 Likes
Why Gold Is Cheaper In Kerala?
15 Feb,2024 09:35 IST
1859 Views
Like 6117 1802 Likes
Personal Loan With Low CIBIL Score
21 Jun,2022 09:38 IST
30821 Views
Like 8532 8532 Likes

Get in Touch

By clicking on Apply Now button on the page, you authorize IIFL & its representatives to inform you about various products, offers and services provided by IIFL through any mode including telephone calls, SMS, letters, whatsapp etc.You confirm that laws in relation to unsolicited communication referred in 'National Do Not Call Registry' as laid down by 'Telecom Regulatory Authority of India' will not be applicable for such information/communication.
I accept the Terms and Conditions