RBI Relaxes Loan-to-Value Ratio For Gold Loans
Gold loan is a loan against your gold, but the loan amount is decided on the basis of loan to value ratio. Read to know what is loan-to-value ratio and what are the changes made by RBI.
A gold loan is among the best forms of a short-term loan. The borrower can avail a gold loan via a hassle-free, digital process with the lowest interest rate possible among various forms of a personal finance.For the lender, a gold loan acts as a comfort factor since delinquencies and defaults are low because of people’s emotional involvement with the pledged gold ornaments.
That said, the primary requirement for a gold loan is the need to temporarily part with a personal or family jewellery. Notably, lenders do not advance the same amount as a gold loan as the value of the yellow metal in a jewellery. They lend the amount that is based on the prevalent loan-to-value (LTV) ratio.
LTV RatioLTV ratio is basically a percentage of the value of the collateral. In the case of a gold loan, if the gold in the ornament is worth Rs 10,000, lenders are allowed to lend only a part of it. This ensures that if the value of gold, which changes every day and indeed every hour, shrinks then the value of the collateral doesn’t sink below the outstanding loan.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) prescribes the LTV ratio to manage the liquidity and financial system of lenders. If the LTV ratio is close to 100% and the price of gold crashes then lenders would face an asset-liability mismatch which could disturb their financial health.
RBI Mandated LTV RatioThis ratio was set at 75% by the RBI in the past. This meant that if the value of the gold assessed by a lender offering a gold loan was pegged at Rs 10,000, it could lend up to Rs 7,500 to the borrower. It could, however, lend a lower amount.
When the Covid-19 pandemic broke out in early 2020, impacting the lives of millions of people worldwide, the RBI relaxed this LTV ratio to 90% in August 2020.“With a view to further mitigate the economic impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on households, entrepreneurs and small businesses, it has been decided to increase the permissible loan to value ratio (LTV) for loans against pledge of gold ornaments and jewellery for non-agricultural purposes from 75% to 90%,” it had said.
This enhanced LTV ratio was applicable up to March 31, 2021 to enable the borrowers to tide over their temporary liquidity mismatches on account of Covid-19. However, fresh gold loans sanctioned on and after April 1, 2021 reverted to the LTV ratio of 75%.Currently, this LTV ratio is being followed providing a ceiling or the maximum amount that lenders can offer against the value of the gold.
ConclusionAround nine years ago, the RBI had raised the LTV ratio on gold loan from 60% to 75%. This boosted the gold loan companies’ ability to lend. In 2020, the RBI had temporarily relaxed this ratio to 90% to help borrowers. Currently, the LTV ratio is back at 75%.
Disclaimer: The information contained in this post is for general information purposes only. IIFL Finance Limited (including its associates and affiliates) ("the Company") assumes no liability or responsibility for any errors or omissions in the contents of this post and under no circumstances shall the Company be liable for any damage, loss, injury or disappointment etc. suffered by any reader. All information in this post is provided "as is", with no guarantee of completeness, accuracy, timeliness or of the results etc. obtained from the use of this information, and without warranty of any kind, express or implied, including, but not limited to warranties of performance, merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Given the changing nature of laws, rules and regulations, there may be delays, omissions or inaccuracies in the information contained in this post. The information on this post is provided with the understanding that the Company is not herein engaged in rendering legal, accounting, tax, or other professional advice and services. As such, it should not be used as a substitute for consultation with professional accounting, tax, legal or other competent advisers. This post may contain views and opinions which are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of any other agency or organization. This post may also contain links to external websites that are not provided or maintained by or in any way affiliated with the Company and the Company does not guarantee the accuracy, relevance, timeliness, or completeness of any information on these external websites. Any/ all (Gold/ Personal/ Business) loan product specifications and information that maybe stated in this post are subject to change from time to time, readers are advised to reach out to the Company for current specifications of the said (Gold/ Personal/ Business) loan.